Women wearing flower headbands at a festival

Consumer spending grew 15.4 per cent in August as Brits enjoyed summer holidays and started returning to the office

07 September 2021

  • With the exception of international travel, consumer spending grew across all sectors in August, compared to the same period in 2019
  • Several categories recorded their highest growth since the start of the pandemic, including restaurants, which rose for the first time in over 17 months
  • Consumer confidence has reached its highest point since February 2020, yet concerns about rising inflation are causing many Brits to make lifestyle changes
  • The Barclaycard report combines hundreds of millions of customer transactions with consumer research to provide an in-depth view of UK spending

Consumer card spending rose by 15.4 per cent in August, compared to the same period in 2019, with growth recorded across all sectors apart from international travel. New data from Barclaycard, which sees nearly half of the nation’s credit and debit card transactions, reveals how the end of summer gave the economy a boost, while shedding light on the inflation concerns causing many to review their spending habits.

Spending on essential items grew 14.5 per cent in August, compared to the same period in 2019, bolstered by spending at supermarkets and food and drink specialist stores, which were up 15.2 per cent and 76.9 per cent respectively.

Non-essential items rose 15.9 per cent – the highest increase since before the first national lockdown, and surpassing July’s high of 10.4 per cent – as consumers continued to spend more on socialising, UK holidays, and back-to-school / back-to-office supplies.

In positive news for the hospitality and leisure sector, restaurant spending broke into positive growth for the first time since the pandemic hit (+0.1 per cent), while spending on pubs, bars and clubs reached 43.4 per cent, the highest growth recorded for over 17 months.

The boom in summer socialising also had a positive impact on entertainment – such as theatre, festival and theme park tickets – which reached a new high of 24.2 per cent, while taxi and fuel spending also increased to 20.6 per cent and 7.2 per cent respectively.

The gradual return of workers to UK offices, and parents preparing their children for the new school year, has also given retailers a welcome boost. Clothing rose for the fourth consecutive month, reaching 33.5 per cent growth online, and 12.8 per cent overall, as shoppers took advantage of end-of-season sales to purchase workwear and school uniforms.

Department stores also benefited, recording a 4.4 per cent increase, marking the second month of growth since the start of the pandemic – with the first in May this year (+8.6 per cent) when non-essential shops had just reopened.

With office workers adjusting to new work and lifestyle patterns, this growth looks set to continue. Of those returning to the office after having worked from home during the pandemic, 34 per cent plan to spend more on takeaway breakfast or lunch, and 26 per cent intend to up their spending on socialising after work. A further 27 per cent also expect to keep their work wardrobe updated by allocating a larger budget for new clothes, shoes, and accessories.

Staycations remained popular throughout August as spending on hotels, resorts and accommodation grew for the third consecutive month, compared to 2019, reaching its highest growth recorded since the onset of Covid-19 (+17.5 per cent).

Meanwhile, international travel continued to head in the right direction, with travel agents (-55.0 per cent) and airlines (-52.5 per cent) seeing less of a decline than in July (-66.6 per cent and -56.2 per cent) – perhaps a sign of brighter times ahead, as the vaccine roll-out continues and more destinations open up to British holidaymakers.

Confidence in the UK economy rose to its highest point (37 per cent) since February 2020 (42 per cent), with 78 per cent of Brits confident in their ability to live within their means each month, and 71 per cent feeling optimistic about their household finances.

However, this optimism could be dampened by concerns about rising prices, as almost two thirds (64 per cent) of consumers worry that everyday items are becoming more expensive, and of those, 42 per cent are already making lifestyle changes as a result.

Over a third (35 per cent) say rising inflation will make them more likely to seek value in the purchases they make, and 30 per cent are concerned about the impact of inflation on the value of their cash savings. These fears have led to nearly two fifths (37 per cent) of Brits making cut-backs now to ensure they can afford higher outgoings for Christmas.

Raheel Ahmed, Head of Consumer Products, said: “Socialising, shopping, and staycations were top of the agenda for Brits in August, as families and friends made the most of the school holidays, giving a welcome boost to hospitality and leisure businesses. Over the coming months, these sectors should also benefit from Brits returning to the office, as colleagues enjoy long overdue catch-ups over post-work meals and drinks.”


  Spend Growth Transaction Growth
Essential 14.5% 10.6%
Non Essential 15.9% 25.2%
OVERALL 15.4% 19.1%
Retail 23.0% 15.6%
Clothing 12.8% -2.5%
Grocery 19.9% 14.4%
Supermarkets 15.2% 7.2%
Food & Drink Specialist 76.9% 73.7%
Household 20.2% 7.3%
Home Improvements & DIY 23.8% 14.8%
Electronics 11.9% 1.1%
Furniture Stores 23.7% 0.7%
General Retailers 40.5% 32.5%
General Retailers & Catalogues 59.6% 50.9%
Department Stores 4.4% -1.3%
Discount Stores 28.2% 15.1%
Specialist Retailers 21.8% 11.5%
Pharmacy, Health & Beauty 16.0% 5.0%
Sports & Outdoor 23.1% 4.5%
Other Specialist Retailers 25.4% 19.6%
Hospitality & Leisure 6.4% 26.1%
Digital Content & Subscription 52.2% 53.2%
Eating & Drinking 44.3% 31.4%
Restaurants 0.1% -16.7%
Bars, Pubs & Clubs 43.4% 43.4%
Takeaways and Fast Food 71.5% 40.3%
Other Food & Drink 42.0% 28.0%
Entertainment 24.2% 31.9%
Hotels, Resorts & Accomodation 17.5% 15.0%
Travel -42.0% -7.4%
Travel Agents -55.0% -38.2%
Airlines -52.5% -44.9%
Other Travel -9.6% 15.3%
Public Transport -26.9% -11.7%
Other 8.8% 15.8%
Fuel 7.2% 7.9%
Motoring 7.0% 19.5%
Other Services 10.9% 29.0%
Online 26.2% 49.0%
F2F 8.3% 9.8%

– Ends –


Notes to editors

We have changed the way we produce our monthly Consumer Spending Index. Starting in March, all calculations moved to a two-year comparison (i.e. comparing August 2021 against August 2019), instead of a year-on-year comparison. This includes any prior period comparisons included in the release (e.g. comparing July 2020 to July 2018), to ensure that all comparisons are like-for-like. This provides a more realistic view of the UK’s long-term recovery from the impact of coronavirus, and of whether spending has returned to pre-pandemic levels.

Established in 2014, Barclaycard issues a monthly press release commenting on consumer spending trends.

Barclaycard sees nearly half of the nation’s credit and debit card transactions, which provides us with unique insight into UK consumer spending. The monthly spending data in this press release is based on Barclaycard credit card and Barclays debit card transactions, and is analysed by the Barclays Market and Customer Insights team. It relates to the period 24th July to 20th August 2021. It is compared with 27th July to 23rd August 2019.

The consumer confidence survey in this press release was carried out between 20th and 23rd August 2021 by Longitude Research on behalf of Barclaycard. There were 2,000 respondents, providing a representative sample of UK consumers by age, gender, region, and income group.

For more information, please contact please contact Oliver Stevenson at oliver.stevenson@barclaycard.co.uk or on +44 (0)7880 184 177 or Rebecca Butler at rebecca.butler@barclaycard.co.uk or +44 (0)7881 318 767.

About Barclaycard

Barclaycard, part of Barclays Bank PLC, is a leading global payment business that helps consumers, retailers and businesses to make and take payments flexibly, and to access short-term credit. In the UK we process nearly £1 in every £3 spent using credit and debit cards, and in 2020 we processed over £267bn in transactions globally. We also partner with a wide range of organisations across the globe to offer their customers or members payment options and credit.


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About Barclays Market and Customer Insights

Barclays Market and Customer Insights helps businesses keep up to date with spending trends, monitors their market position and enhances their understanding of customer behaviour, based on actual customer spending. Visit insights.uk.barclays/MCI or email contact-MCI@barclays.com.